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buk2112 last won the day on June 29

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About buk2112

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  • Birthday 10/31/1962

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  1. buk2112

    Interesting Articles

    5 members of World War II bomber crew being buried together Jun 21, 2018 This combination of undated photos released Thursday, June 21, 2018, by the Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency shows five U.S. Army Air Forces airmen, members of a B-17 bomber crew, who were shot down in 1944 during a mission over Germany in World War II. They are, top row from left: Tech. Sgt. John F. Brady, of Taunton, Mass., Tech. Sgt. Allen A. Chandler, Jr., of Fletcher, Okla., and 1st Lt. John H. Liekhus, of Anaheim, Calif.; bottom row, from left: Staff Sgt. Robert O. Shoemaker, of Tacoma Park, Md., and Staff Sgt. Bobby J. Younger, of McKinney, Texas. Their remains will be buried as a group on June 27 at Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia. (Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency via AP) BOSTON (AP) — Five crewmembers from a B-17 bomber shot down during a mission over Germany in World War II are being buried together at Arlington National Cemetery next week. The Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency says the men are scheduled to be buried with full military honors on Wednesday. They were identified as Tech. Sgt. John Brady, of Taunton, Massachusetts; Tech. Sgt. Allen Chandler Jr., of Fletcher, Oklahoma; 1st Lt. John Liekhus, of Anaheim, California; Staff Sgt. Robert Shoemaker, of Takoma Park, Maryland; and Staff Sgt. Bobby Younger, of McKinney, Texas. They were members of a nine-man crew of the B-17 shot down near Barby, Germany on Nov. 2, 1944. Three survived and were captured. One was killed and identified in 1945. The remains of the five were recovered in 2015 and 2016.
  2. buk2112

    Interesting Articles

    WWII Soldier’s Widow to Accept Medal of Honor for Late Husband WASHINGTON -- The widow of a World War II soldier will accept the Medal of Honor for her husband at the White House tomorrow, 22 years after his family began efforts to upgrade the soldier’s Distinguished Service Cross. Pauline Conner holds the photo of her late husband, Army 1st Lt. Garlin Murl Conner, at her home in Clinton County, Ky. She will accept the Medal of Honor on her late husband's behalf at the White House, June 26, 2018. Lt. Conner passed away in 1998 at age 79. DoD photo by Joe Lacdan Army First Lt. Garlin M. Conner’s widow, Pauline Conner, was joined today in a Pentagon press briefing by Army Maj. Gen. Leopoldo Quintas, commanding general, 3rd Infantry Division; Erik Villard, historian, Center for Military History; and Luther Conner, a cousin of Garlin Conner and attorney who was involved in fighting for the soldier’s Medal of Honor recognition. Pauline, 89, of Albany, Kentucky, will accept the honor on behalf of her husband, who died 20 years ago at age 79. He was drafted March 1, 1941, and assigned to the 3rd Infantry Division’s 3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment. First Lt. Garlin Conner spent 28 months on the front lines in eight campaigns in the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater, participated in four amphibious assault landings, was wounded seven times and earned a battlefield commission. He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, four Silver Stars and the French Croix de Guerre for his actions in Italy and France. He also received a Bronze Star and three Purple Hearts. Battlefield Commission On June 28, 1944, shortly after earning his second Silver Star medal, Conner received a battlefield commission to second lieutenant. Six months later, on Dec. 29, 1944, he was promoted to first lieutenant. While in Houssen, France, he received a serious hip injury, but he slipped away from the hospital to rejoin his unit shortly before the battle that would see him earn the Medal of Honor. On Jan. 24, 1945, as German formations converged on the 3rd Battalion’s position, Conner voluntarily ran to the front lines to serve as a spotter, uncoiling telephone line to communicate with the infantry as he ran to direct friendly artillery on the advancing enemy forces. He found little refuge in a shallow ditch, Villard said. Video Player 00:00 | 06:43 VIDEO | 06:43Garlin Conner: 'Called artillery on his own position' With rounds impacting all around him, Conner calmly directed multiple fire missions onto the force of 600 German infantry troops, six Mark VI tanks and tank destroyers, adjusting round after round of artillery from his prone position, according to an Army website. Resolved to Die For three hours, he remained in a prone position, enduring the repeated onslaught of German infantry which, at one point, advanced to within 5 yards of his position. When the Germans mounted an all-out attack to overrun the American lines and his location, Conner ordered his artillery to concentrate on his own position, “resolved to die if necessary to halt the enemy,” according to his Distinguished Service Cross citation. Ignoring the friendly artillery shells blanketing his position and exploding within mere feet, Conner continued to direct artillery fire on the enemy assault swarming around him until the German attack was finally shattered and broken. By his incredible heroism and disregard for his own life, Conner stopped the enemy advance. The artillery he expertly directed while under constant enemy fire killed about 50 German soldiers and wounded at least 100 more, preventing heavy casualties in his battalion, Army officials said. As an intelligence officer, historian Villard pointed out, it was no longer his job to put himself between U.S. troops and the onslaught of German fighters, but he unselfishly did so. Villard also said it’s been suggested that Conner is the second-highest awarded service member following Audie Murphy. “On behalf of every soldier in the 3rd Infantry Division and their families, we are proud and pleased to have a soldier from the division -- a dogface soldier -- receive the nation's highest award for valor,” Quintas said. Haunting Reminders Once Conner was out of the Army and returned home to the family farm in Kentucky, he never spoke of that day in France, his widow Pauline said. But she knew that it haunted him. Noting that post-traumatic stress disorder was not a recognized diagnosis until several wars later, Pauline said she knew her husband suffered from the disorder. “If anybody had PTSD, he did,” she said, describing his frequent nightmares, but, she added, he wouldn’t talk about what happened that day in January. On accepting the Medal of Honor tomorrow for her deceased husband tomorrow at the White House, Pauline said, “It’s something that should have been done during his lifetime,” adding that it was an honor for her to accept the medal for him. She said Conner -- who she married when she was 16 -- was a good and humble person. “He was my hero. I loved him very much and I’m so thankful I get to see [the medal being bestowed] in my lifetime,” Pauline said.
  3. buk2112

    292nd Map

    Mr. Hafenbrack is also mentioned as being a room mate of Sgt. Longacre's in this photo, location not disclosed. Our room - Chris G. Hafenbrack, Nelson V. Laird, and me. I'm not 100% certain , but I believe Sgt. Longacre was a member of H & S Company of the 292nd ECB and most likely Mr. Hafenbrack was as well.
  4. buk2112

    292nd Map

    Mr. Hafenbrack appears in this group photo belonging To Sgt. James Longacre. Front Row (L/R) Pvt. Baumgardner - Driver Lt. Milford - Asst. S-2 Capt. Rawls - S-2 Lt. Baxter - RCS. O. T/5 Longacre - Photo. 2nd Row T/Sgt Erickson - Intell PFC Laird - Radio T/5 Davenport - Radio-Driver T/5 Wesoloski - Radio S/Sgt Smith - RCN Pvt. Yess - Radio-Driver Back Row T/5 Hafenbrack - Draftsman S/Sgt Baird - RCN S/Sgt Gersch - Cam.
  5. buk2112

    159th Combat Engineers Bn WWII

    Welcome to the forum, certainly glad to have you aboard here with us ! Be sure to type in the "159th" in the search box to see past posts about this unit on the forum. I believe this is your great uncle's headstone, killed just one week before the end the end of the war in Europe. Very sad Field Title Value Meaning ARMY SERIAL NUMBER 34820631 34820631 NAME PATTERSON#RALPH######### PATTERSON#RALPH######### RESIDENCE: STATE 43 GEORGIA RESIDENCE: COUNTY 111 FANNIN PLACE OF ENLISTMENT 4344 FT MCPHERSON ATLANTA GEORGIA DATE OF ENLISTMENT DAY 11 11 DATE OF ENLISTMENT MONTH 05 05 DATE OF ENLISTMENT YEAR 43 43 GRADE: ALPHA DESIGNATION PVT# Private GRADE: CODE 8 Private BRANCH: ALPHA DESIGNATION NO# No branch assignment BRANCH: CODE 02 No branch assignment FIELD USE AS DESIRED # # TERM OF ENLISTMENT 5 Enlistment for the duration of the War or other emergency, plus six months, subject to the discretion of the President or otherwise according to law LONGEVITY ### ### SOURCE OF ARMY PERSONNEL 0 Civil Life NATIVITY 43 GEORGIA YEAR OF BIRTH 24 24 RACE AND CITIZENSHIP 1 White, citizen EDUCATION 0 Grammar school CIVILIAN OCCUPATION 316 Farm hands, general farms MARITAL STATUS 6 Single, without dependents COMPONENT OF THE ARMY 7 Selectees (Enlisted Men) CARD NUMBER # # BOX NUMBER 0853 0853 FILM REEL NUMBER 3.275 3.275 Also believe this is your great uncle in the WWII Enlistment Records, hope this has helped you some. Having his service number and date of enlistment can be very helpful in finding other records. Good luck with your search! Randy
  6. Another 292nd member has passed on Obituary: Wallace R. Simmons Posted on May 30, 2018 by Grace Tucker Obituary: Wallace R. Simmons Wallace Raymond Simmons, a longtime resident of Plainfield, passed away on May 20, 2018 in Signal Mountain, Tenn., at the age of 96. He was born June 26, 1921 in Detroit, Mich. Wallace is survived by his children Beverly Ann (H. Douglas) Kutz of Hixson, Tenn., and Wallace Randolph “Randy” (Nancy) Simmons of Newburgh, Ind.; grandchildren Jacob Aaron Simmons and Elizabeth (Dennis) Demaree; fond uncle to several nieces and nephews. He is preceded in death by his beloved wife of 62 years Ruth Simmons (nee Wheeler); parents June Putman Simmons Merritt and Walter Raymond Simmons; stepfather Elvis “Jack” Merritt; brother Paul Herbert Simmons; sister Carol Sue Hazelwood; stepbrother Jack Merritt. Wallace was born and raised in Detroit, MIch. During WWII, Wallace served in Company A 292nd Engineer Combat Battalion (Army), where he was involved in campaigns in the Rhineland and Central Europe. After the war, he met his future wife Ruth, attended the University of Michigan, and graduated with a B.S. in Mechanical Engineering in 1949. Wallace and Ruth were married in the chapel of the Henry Ford Trade School on August 20, 1949, and started their married life in Illinois where he accepted a position with The Texas Company in Lockport. He joined Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) in 1951. He earned a B.S. in Engineering Mathematics from the University of Michigan in 1951 and continued with postgraduate education at Illinois Institute of Technology, earning an M.S. in Mechanical Engineering in 1954. At ANL, his work focused on the development, design, and construction of nuclear components and facilities, and management and direction of programs and projects in support of the National Liquid Metal Fast Breeder Reactor Program. He especially enjoyed his work as Project Engineer for the design and construction of the Experimental Breeder Reactor II (EBR-II) secondary and steam systems, and maintained a lifelong interest in the EBR-II design. He retired in 1986 but continued to serve as a consultant for ANL until 2013. Wallace was an extraordinary, intelligent, talented, and very kind man who loved his family and his engineering work. He was well loved by many and will be deeply missed. The family is very grateful to the wonderful people at Alexian Health and Rehabilitation Center and Hospice of Chattanooga who cared for Wallace during the last few years. Family and friends to gather Saturday, June 2 for 9:30 a.m. visitation until time of funeral service 11 a.m. at Overman-Jones Funeral Home & Cremation Services 15219 S. Joliet Rd. Plainfield. Interment will follow at Plainfield Township Cemetery. For those wishing to leave a lasting tribute to Wallace’s memory, donations may be made to Hospice of Chattanooga, 4411 Oakwood Dr., Chattanooga, TN 37416, or Alexian Christmas Fund, 437 Alexian Way, Signal Mountain, TN 37377. For more information, please call (815)436-9221 or visit www.overmanjones.com. Farewell Mr. Simmons...
  7. buk2112

    Normandy D-Day

    Well said Marion, salute to them all!
  8. buk2112

    292nd Map

    Well I struck out, Mr. Chris G. Hafenbrack's name does not appear in any of the 292nd documentation that I have. His name does not appear in the online WWII Enlistment Records database either. After some more cyber snooping I came across the following obituary from Find A Grave that I have a hunch is the gentleman in question, since it refers to him as a "commerical artist": "Mr. Christopher G. Hafenbrack, 80, of 811 Laurel Drive, died Friday, Jan. 23, 1998, at Aiken Regional Medical Centers.The funeral at First Baptist Church with the Rev. Fred Andrea officiating. Burial will be private.Mr. Hafenbrack, a native of Saginaw, Mich., was a commercial artist and an Army veteran. He was a member of First Baptist Church and Midland Valley Golf Course.Survivors include his wife, Pauline Claire Nevius Hafenbrack; three sons, Richard D. Hafenbrack, Fenton, Mich., David C. Hafenbrack, Dayton, Ohio, and Jeffrey A. Hafenbrack, Coral Springs, Fla; one stepson, James Barnes, Dayton; one daughter, Barbara G. Harris, Fenton, Mich.; two stepdaughters, Carol Davis, Dayton, and Nancy Barnes, Houston; one brother, David Hafenbrack, Muskegan, Mich.; one sister, Lucille Pollard, Largo, Fla.; and five grandchildren; three stepgrandchildren and three great-grandchildren.Honorary pallbearers - Williamson Sunday School Class.Shellhouse Funeral Home is in charge of arrangements. " The search for information continues... Randy
  9. buk2112

    292nd Map

    Hi Woody, Welcome to the forum, we are glad to have you here with us. As Marion has stated nothing is old here, old is what we are all about! Sure appreciate the info, I suppose if I had examined it in more detail I would have picked up on that, I must be slipping! After I get home from work I'm going to look to see if I can locate his name in the records I have, as to which company he may have belonged to. I do not have a complete roster but I have many names, maybe I'll get lucky. Woody be sure to tell us more about your collection, what items you have, if there are any family connections to them, what your interests are, etc. Thanks again for shining a light on this question. Randy
  10. buk2112

    Robert Lanman 149th Engr Co C.

    Hey Antoine, Don't know if this will help you any or not but there are two Robert Lanmans listed in the online WWII Enlistment Records database. Robert B. Lanman https://aad.archives.gov/aad/record-detail.jsp?dt=893&mtch=2&cat=WR26&tf=F&q=robert+lanman&bc=sl&rpp=10&pg=1&rid=8221980&rlst=6258072,8221980 Robert F. Lanman https://aad.archives.gov/aad/record-detail.jsp?dt=893&mtch=2&cat=WR26&tf=F&q=robert+lanman&bc=sl&rpp=10&pg=1&rid=6258072&rlst=6258072,8221980 One of these could be your man or maybe not, this database is not 100 % complete, there could be other Robert Lanmans. I do not know if there is a roster of this particular unit. Sounds like an interesting artifact you have there, you should think about posting a picture of it, we like pictures! Good luck with your search, hope you find your Robert Lanman.
  11. Ran across this obituary tonite, another 292nd ECB member has passed on. Raymond A. Farland (UPDATED) 1922 ∼ 2018 Raymond A. Farland , 95, passed away peacefully on March 31, 2018 at the Henrietta Brewer House in Vineyard Haven. Born in New Bedford on August 19,1922, he was the son of the late Joseph A. and Irene (Surprenant) Farland. Raymond's father, " Spike" as he was known, served for many years as the Oak Bluffs fire chief, and Joseph A. Farland Square at the foot of Circuit Ave in Oak Bluffs is named for him. Ray grew up in Oak Bluffs and graduated from Oak Bluffs High School in 1940. He then attended New Bedford Textile Institute before enlisting in the army during WWII, serving from 1942-1946. After training at Camp Butner in North Carolina and at Clemson College in South Carolina, he served in the 292nd Engineers Combat Battalion "in action from England to the Elbe" in Central Europe. Following his military service, Ray completed his education in New Bedford. In 1948 he married Esther Kirkpatrick a long time summer resident whose family owned the Attleboro House in Oak Bluffs. Ray and Esther lived in Rhode Island, but spent summers and many weekends on the vineyard. Ray worked in the textile industry as a salesman for Microfibres, Inc. of Pawtucket , R.I. for many years . With the death of his father-in-law in 1968, he went to work for the family owned food sevice business, Kirkpatrick Company of East Providence, R.I. After selling the family business to Luzo Foods of New Bedford in 1985, he continued to work for both Luzo Foods and FamousFoods.com. He retired in 2009, moving permanently to his childhood home on Nashawena Park in Oak Bluffs. He remained in his treasured home until moving to the Henrietta Brewer House in December where he was cared for with loving kindness and compassion. Ray and his wife enjoyed golf, boating, and fishing together, and followed many sports teams including the Celtics and Red Sox. He was fortunate enough to make two trips to the Masters golf tournament in Augusta, and attended the Olympics in 1980 in Lake Placid with his wife and in 1996 in Altlanta with his grandson Keith. Ray was an avid golfer playing into his nineties and could rarely be found on the course without lifelong friend, George " Buddy" Knight, beginning in their early teenage years. They were members of Wannamoisett Golf Club in Rumford , RI, where Ray served as the Treasurer for 25 years, and members of Edgartown Golf Club, where Ray served on the Board of Governors until 2016. Ray was a long time member of both East Chop Beach Club and the East Chop Yacht Club. He and Buddy enjoyed many a day boating and fishing (especially the Derby) with family and friends, on their boats the "Good Knight" and the "Wet and Wild". A devoted husband, father, grandfather and great grandfather, Ray will be missed by his family. He is survived by his wife of almost 70 years, Esther. He proved to be a devoted husband, visiting her daily since she moved to Windemere Nursing Home 2 years ago. He is survived by his children, Raymond Farland of Oak Bluffs and Nancy Gardner and her husband, Paul, of Hanover, MA. He was an exceptional grandfather, "Gramps", to his grandchildren, Keith Gardner and his wife, Julie of Marshfield, MA; Jaimee Gardner and her fiancée Keegan Hobson of Hanover, MA; and Justin Gardner of Amherst , MA. Ray adored his great grandchildren, Elliot and Ainsley Gardner of Marshfield, MA, who were a great source of joy to him in his last years. Ray is survived by his sister, Therese Evans of Duxbury, his brother Joseph A. Farland Jr and his wife Jane (Duarte) of Falmouth, as well as many nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by his sister, Lt. Col. Vivian Farland, USANC (Ret.). A memorial Mass will be held at St Augustine's Church, Franklin Street in Vineyard Haven on April 14 at 11 AM, followed by burial with military honors at Sacred Heart Cemetery, on Vineyard Avenue in Oak Bluffs Relatives and friends are invited to visitation from 9:30-10:30 on Saturday , April 14th at the Chapman, Cole and Gleason Funeral Home, Edgartown Road, Oak Bluffs. In lieu of flowers, friends wishing to make a donation in Ray's memory may do so to the Good Shepherd Parish, P.O. Box 1058, Vineyard Haven, MA 02568. Rest In Peace Mr. Farland
  12. buk2112

    Interesting Articles

    WWII wreck USS Helena discovered by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen's crew By James Rogers | Fox News The USS Helena is the latest wreck to be discovered by Paul Allen's expedition team (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel) A team led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen has found the wreck of the USS Helena in the Pacific, almost 75 years after it was sunk by Japanese torpedoes. The World War II wreck was recently located off the Solomon Islands by crew aboard the Research Vessel (R/V) Petrel, according to a statement. The St. Louis-class cruiser was sunk by three Japanese torpedoes during the Battle of Kula Gulf in July 1943. In all, more than 730 of the Helena's crew of 900 survived the sinking. WRECK OF THE USS JUNEAU, FAMOUS FOR THE DEATHS OF THE 5 SULLIVAN BROTHERS, DISCOVERED IN PACIFIC The USS Helena was located on March 23, 2018 (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel) The wreckage of the Helena was found March 23, 2018, about a half mile (860 meters) below the surface of the New Georgia Sound. The team identified the light cruiser by the number 50 on its side and by comparing the wreck to the USS Helena's schematics. Expeditions led by Allen have discovered a host of historic military shipwrecks, such as the USS Lexington, which was located last month, 76 years after it was lost in the Battle of the Coral Sea. Shortly after finding the Lexington, Allen’s team found the wreck of the USS Juneau, which was sunk by a Japanese torpedo and lost 687 sailors in 1942. Last year, Allen’s crew found the long-lost wreck of the USS Indianapolis in the Philippine Sea. The sinking of the Indianapolis, which delivered the Hiroshima bomb in 1945 and is mentioned in the movie "Jaws," resulted in the greatest single loss of life at sea in the U.S. Navy’s history. Of 1,196 crew aboard the heavy cruiser, only 317 survived. HUGE WORLD WAR II SHIPWRECK RAISED FROM THE DEPTHS IN MASSIVE SALVAGE OPERATION The USS Helena is the latest wreck to be discovered by Paul Allen's expedition team (Navigea Ltd, R/V Petrel) Naval personnel in Sri Lanka recently raised a massive World War II shipwreck from the bottom of a harbor 75 years after the British merchant vessel was sunk following an attack by Japanese forces. The Associated Press and Fox News’ Christopher Carbone contributed to this article. Follow James Rogers on Twitter @jamesjrogers
  13. S2C Bryl G. Bowman Hello everyone. I have been wanting to tell this story for sometime now but kept putting it off, hopefully I can give it the justice it deserves. The niece and next of kin of this sailor, Bryl G. Bowman, is a long time friend of my mother's. Over a year ago she began telling my mother about her uncle who was "Missing In Action" and how sad she felt that the family, for reasons she does not know, never had any kind of memorial service or memorial marker placed for him. "It just isn't right that a man loses his life for his country and there is nothing to remember him by or to show for it" she said. She wanted to explore the possibility of getting a memorial marker for her uncle even though it had been so many years ago. When I had heard about all of this I really wanted to see her follow through with it, and I thought that I could help her make it happen. She let me run with it. We first explored what her options were as far as placement of the marker whether it be in a private, state, or federal veteran's cemetery and what was involved in each. After weighing her choices she decided on the Missouri State Veteran's Cemetery at Jacksonville, Missouri. I don't believe she could have made a better selection. Jacksonville is one of the newest and in my opinion one of the most attractive veteran's cemeteries in the state. I contacted Jacksonville back in November to find out what documentation they would need to get the process started. I was told they would require a "Casualty Report" from his OMPF file at the NPRC in St. Louis. Since I have experience researching records there I went in person to copy the needed document as well as his complete service file instead of waiting for it to be sent by mail, no telling how long that would have taken. Before I finish up the story, here is some background information about her uncle. Bryl Gay Bowman was born in Ewing, Lewis County, Missouri on February 25, 1924. He, his mother, and his siblings eventually left Missouri for California around the middle of the 1930's. Bryl was eager to serve in the Navy , he enlisted on February 28,1941 at Los Angeles after he had reached the minimum required age of 17 with parental consent. After his training he was promoted to the rank of Seaman Second Class and was assigned his permanent duty station aboard the USS Houston, joining the ship on September 14, 1941 at Manila. The Northampton-class cruiser USS Houston was the flagship of the Asiatic fleet, part of a multinational force referred to as "ABDA" (American,British,Dutch,Australian). The ABDA fleet fought in the very first naval engagements with the Japanese after the December 7, 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor. The Battle of Makassar Strait, Timor Convoy, Battle of the Java Sea, and Battle of the Sunda Strait are to her credits, with all of these engagements taking place in the month of February 1942. The Battle of the Sunda Strait took place just before midnight on February 28, 1942. The USS Houston and her Australian sister ship, The HMAS Perth, came face to face with an entire Japanese invasion force about to strike the island of Java. The two courageous ships engaged the far numerically superior Japanese force . The ill fated pair was credited with sinking 9 Japanese vessels, they had sold their lives dearly, but sadly both were sunk within the day's first hour of March 1, 1942. Of the 1,061 serviceman aboard the USS Houston, 693 perished including her uncle Bryl, his remains were never recovered. To continue on, her labor of love for her uncle will come to fruition tomorrow at 1:00 p.m. April 13, 2018 at the Missouri State Veteran"s Cemetery located in Jacksonville, Missouri. A memorial service will be held there for S2C Bryl G. Bowman with full military honors to follow, honored at last, well done Bonnie ! My American Legion Post #113 and our V.F.W Post #6276 brothers will have the privilege to fire the honor guard salute for the service. After the service is over a memorial marker will be ordered for him and placed in Section A which is located just inside the cemetery's front gate. I will follow up this post with pictures from tomorrows service as well as pics of the marker after it is placed. Till then, take care everyone! Randy
  14. buk2112

    Interesting Articles

    Retropolis The five Sullivan brothers, serving together, were killed in World War II. Their ship was just found. By Cleve R. Wootson Jr. March 20 at 3:54 PM Email the author An underwater video image courtesy of Paul Allen shows wreckage from the USS Juneau, a U.S. Navy ship sunk by Japanese torpedoes 76 years ago and found in the South Pacific. (Paul Allen via AP) Thomas Sullivan was getting ready for work in Waterloo, Iowa, when three men in Navy uniforms walked up to his front door. “I have some news for you about your boys,” one of the officers said, according to an excerpt of the conversation in the Red State blog. All five of Sullivan’s sons had enlisted in the U.S. Navy after the Pearl Harbor attack, and on that January morning in 1943, he wanted to know which one wasn’t coming home. “All five,” the officer said. The Sullivan brothers — George, Madison, Albert, Francis and Joseph, who was also known as “Red” — were already famous for insisting on serving together. They were honored 11 months after a Japanese torpedo sank their ship, the USS Juneau, in the southwestern Pacific. Some called their deaths the greatest sacrifice of the greatest generation. Others said their story was exploited by a U.S. government desperate to get a nation to accept the sacrifices of war. Either way, people across the country pored over the Sullivan brothers’ story, examining the smallest details of their lives, their service, their violent deaths. But one thing has remained hidden until now: Their final resting place. A team funded by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen recently discovered the wreckage of the USS Juneau 2.6 miles below the surface of the Pacific Ocean, near the Solomon Islands. For years, Allen’s team has been combing the Pacific for ships that sank decades ago. The team has used advanced technology such as side-scan sonar and submersible drones to locate several ships, including the USS Indianapolis and the USS Ward. But finding the final resting place of the USS Juneau connected their endeavor with a part of U.S. history that still reverberates today in both memory and policy. The Sullivan brothers have been memorialized with a museum wing, a school and two Navy ships. And the brothers’ deaths led to “sole survivor” policies, which exempt people who have lost a family member from the draft or military service. They were the subject of a 1944 war movie, “The Fighting Sullivans.” It all began with an emotional Sunday dinner in 1941. The brothers had heard about the attack on Pearl Harbor over the radio during dinner on Dec. 7, 1941, according to the Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier. Their thoughts immediately turned to Bill Ball, a friend stationed in Hawaii who, they later learned, died in the attack. The Sullivan brothers, all in their 20s, wanted to take up the fight. [ The savage fight for Guadalcanal: Jungle, crocodiles and snipers during World War II ] The Navy at first balked at their request to serve on the same ship but ultimately relented. “I was talking to an ensign the other day,” Red Sullivan wrote a friend, according to the Courier. “From the way he talked, all five of us brothers are going to get on the same ship. I wish the rest of you guys could go along.” That ship was the USS Juneau: a ship that carried nearly 700 men and was almost as new to the war effort as Red Sullivan was. It was commissioned about a year before it sank. The USS Juneau specialized in defending other vessels from warplanes. It performed patrol and escort duties in the North Atlantic and Caribbean and then was dispatched to the Pacific, where it was involved in several battles, including the naval battles of Guadalcanal. In its final battle, it served as part of a protective screen for cargo vessels and transports as U.S. forces tried to keep their grip on the Pacific foothold. The Juneau held its own during fierce, nighttime fighting. But it was badly damaged by a torpedo during the costly American victory. (In total during the naval battles near Guadalcanal, American and Japanese forces lost two dozen ships apiece). Badly listing to one side, it limped away with other ships. But the Japanese submarine I-26 was lurking nearby. One of its torpedoes missed the USS San Francisco but struck the USS Juneau near where it had been previously hit — and near the compartment where munitions were stored. The rest happened in a flash, according to declassified documents obtained by the Waterloo-Cedar Falls Courier: Three of the Sullivans died in that initial blast. Two made it into life rafts but died in the ensuing days at sea, waiting for rescue. In death, they went from being a famous footnote to national heroes. Their mother christened a new destroyer with the Sullivan name, and the U.S. government alluded to the family’s sacrifice when asking people to buy war bonds. The appeal was both simple and effective: The Sullivan family gave so much. Can the rest of us pitch in, too? As one woman told the Associated Press, according to a recounting of the Sullivans’ story: “And now I wonder how the sugar and coffee hoarders feel.”
  15. buk2112

    Interesting Articles

    A WWII aircraft carrier was lost in the battle for Australia. A tech billionaire just found it. By Kristine Phillips March 6 at 4:09 PM Email the author The first torpedo hit the USS Lexington’s port side at about 11 a.m. on the last day of the Battle of the Coral Sea, a critical point in the United States’ war against Japan. Within minutes, another torpedo struck, followed by three bombs from Japanese dive bombers. Fires raged, but they were under control two hours later. Still, the consecutive hits from the Japanese navy would eventually spell the end of the aircraft carrier known as Lady Lex. Fuel tanks from underneath were ruptured, causing an explosion that shook the warship. Capt. Frederick C. Sherman ordered his men up to the flight deck. By 5 p.m., he yelled, “Abandon ship!” Men jumped into the warm water and were immediately rescued by nearby cruisers and destroyers. Sherman and his executive officer, Cmdr. M.T. Seligman, were the last ones to leave before Lady Lex sank into the Coral Sea on May 8, 1942, the end of the four-day naval battle between Allied forces from the United States and Australia, and the Imperial Japanese Navy. A little more than 200 crew members died — part of the price the United States paid to help protect its ally, Australia, from Japan during World War II. About 2,770 survived, including Wags, the captain’s dog. The remains of Lady Lex would stay undiscovered on the floor of the Coral Sea for the next 76 years — until they were found by a billionaire who spends some of his fortune finding the lost wreckage of previous wars. Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen on Monday announced the discovery of the USS Lexington about 500 miles off the eastern coast of Australia, two miles below the surface of the Coral Sea. [ ‘We knew the ship was doomed’: USS Indianapolis survivor recalls four days in shark-filled sea ] “To pay tribute to the USS Lexington and the brave men that served on her is an honor,” Allen said. “As Americans, all of us owe a debt of gratitude to everyone who served and who continue to serve our country for their courage, persistence and sacrifice.” Allen, a Seattle-based entrepreneur and philanthropist who also invests in environmental causes, had bought a 250-foot research vessel called R/V Petrel and retrofitted it with state-of-the-art equipment capable of diving 3½ miles deep, according to his website. Allen has used the vessel in expeditions that led to the discovery of several historic warships and artifacts. The USS Indianapolis was discovered on the bottom of the Philippine Sea in August, more than 70 years after a Japanese submarine fired six torpedoes toward the 610-foot heavy cruiser, causing it to break in pieces. About 800 of the nearly 1,200 crew members made it off the ship before it sank, but many died of dehydration, shark attacks and starvation as they floated helplessly in shark-infested waters for four days. Last year, President Trump paid tribute to the veterans who served during the Battle of the Coral Sea, which the Defense Department describes as a “crucial turning point in the war against Imperial Japan in the Pacific.” Wreckage from the USS Lexington, a World War II aircraft carrier that sank on May 8, 1942. A team led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen found the wreckage on March 4. (Paul Allen via Agence France-Presse) “In those Pacific waters, we forged iron bonds between our countries. Few peoples in the world share ties in history, affection and culture like the Americans and Australians. Those ties are sealed with the blood of our grandfathers and fathers and those same ties are now the priceless heritage we celebrate so beautifully tonight,” Trump said during the May speech. The Battle of the Coral Sea, which lasted from May 4 to May 8, 1942, came at an unsettling time for the United States, Australia and their allies. Allied forces had been experiencing mounting defeats, while the Japanese military had been continually succeeding, beginning with the attack on Pearl Harbor months earlier. In Australia, people had begun to expect an imminent invasion by Japan. By April 1942, Australia had become a target for the Japanese. Leaders of Japan’s navy had begun devising ways to capture Port Moresby and the islands of Tulagi, New Caledonia, Fiji and Samoa — located east and northeast of Australia — partly to cut off communications with the United States and leave it vulnerable to Japanese invasion. [ Unsealed 75 years after the Battle of Midway: New details of an alarming WWII press leak ] Occupying Papua New Guinea’s Port Moresby under a plan known as Operation MO would “provide the Imperial Japanese Navy with a secure operating base on Australia’s northern doorstep,” according to the Royal Australian Navy. The planning dragged on until the middle of April, when carrier-launched U.S. bombers led by Jimmy Doolittle attacked the Japanese home islands. The attacks, though minimal, gave Operation MO a renewed sense of urgency. The military forces behind Operation MO included an armada of destroyers, cruisers, aircraft carriers and submarines. The U.S. Navy had received signal intelligence on Japan’s intentions, but that “was barely enough advantage for the fleet to take on and force the Japanese to retreat,” according to the Defense Department. Japan managed to capture Tulagi, which is part of the Solomon Islands, east of Papua New Guinea, on May 3. The Battle of the Coral Sea raged for the next four days. In the end, both the Japanese and the Allies portrayed themselves as victors, though both sides suffered severe losses. “In a sense they are both right,” according to the Royal Australian Navy. Wreckage from the USS Lexington, a World War II aircraft carrier that sank on May 8, 1942. A team led by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen found the wreckage on March 4. (Paul Allen) The Americans lost more ships than the Japanese. But the Allies prevented Japan from capturing Port Moresby — its main objective. By the time the USS Lexington was sunk on May 8, Japanese forces were not in a position to keep advancing. Their aircraft carrier Shoho had been sunk. A second carrier, Shokaku, had been severely damaged, while a third, Zuikaku, was low on fuel. Adm. Shigeyoshi Inouye, leader of Operation MO, decided to postpone the invasion of Port Moresby. Many say that if it were not for the damage the Japanese forces suffered, the Americans would not have defeated them in the next battle a month later. The Battle of Midway, which raged from June 4 to June 7, 1942, resulted in the deaths of about 360 Americans — compared with more than 3,000 Japanese casualties. Historians Jonathan B. Parshall and Anthony P. Tully described the American assault on the Japanese fleet as “the single most decisive aerial attack in naval history.” The Battle of Midway — arguably because of the Battle of the Coral Sea — helped turn the tide of war in the Pacific theater. Michael E. Ruane contributed to this report.