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Walt's Daughter

Ernie Pyle 1900 - 1945

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This was taken from the Life Commemorative issue that I just bought.

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Guest colinhotham   
Guest colinhotham

Thank you for that Marion. I often wondered what Ernie looked like as I read his books and articles and followed his route across Sicily.

 

Colin.

 

:tank:

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I hope to look up a description of Ernie Pyle from a bio on him. The Life article seem to be a contemporary description that may have changed some.

Ernie was a native of Indiana and his papers are archived at the Indiana University School of Journalism-- http://www.journalism.indiana.edu/news/erniepyle/ .

 

Here is an excerpt from one of Ernie Pyles' articles about Engineers. There are several of his articles at the above link.

 

SOMEWHERE IN SICILY, September 2, 1943 - You may never have seen it mentioned, but a map is as common a piece of equipment among front-line officers as a steel helmet. A combat officer would be perfectly useless without his map.

 

It is the job of the engineers to handle the maps for each division. Just as soon as a division advances to the edge of the territory covered by its maps, the map officer has to dig into his portable warehouse and fish out thousands of new maps.

 

The immensity of the map program would amaze you. When it came from America, the 45th Division brought with it eighty-three tons of Sicilian maps! I forgot to ask how many individual maps that would be, but it would surely run close to half a million.

 

The 45th's maps were far superior to any we'd been using and here's the reason: Our maps were based fundamentally on old Italian maps. Then for months ahead of the invasion our reconnaissance planes flew over Sicily taking photographs. These photos immediately were flown across the Atlantic to Washington. There, if anything new was discovered in the photographs, it was superimposed on the maps.

 

They kept this process of correction open right up to the last minute. The 45th sailed from America only a short time before we invaded Sicily, and in the last week before it sailed the Map Section in Washington printed, placed in waterproofed cases, and delivered to the boats those eighty-three tons of maps, hot off the presses.

 

It then mentions the 120th Engineers and introduces us to an Italian-American bull-dozer driver.

 

Our troops along the coast occasionally got a chance to bathe in the Mediterranean. As an incidental statistic, the engineers during the campaign cleared mines off a total of seven miles of beaches just so the soldiers could get down to the water to swim.

 

Up in the mountains you'd see hundreds of soldiers, stark naked, bathing in Sicilian horse troughs, or out of their steel helmets. The American soldier has a fundamental phobia about bodily cleanliness that is considered all nonsense by philosophers of the Great Unwashed, which includes Arabs, Sicilians and me.

 

Pyle(center) on Anzio beach in Italy.

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-----------------------------------------

Close call at Nettuno

A shell struck just on the other side of a wall of the building where he was sitting.

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WITH THE ALLIED BEACHHEAD FORCES IN ITALY, March 28, 1944 - When you get to Anzio you waste no time getting off the boat, for you have been feeling pretty much like a clay pigeon in a shooting gallery. But after a few hours in Anzio you wish you were back on the boat, for you could hardly describe being ashore as any haven of peacefulness.

 

As we came into the harbor, shells skipped the water within a hundred yards of us.

 

In our first day ashore, a bomb exploded so close to the place where I was sitting that it almost knocked us down with fright. It smacked into the trees a short distance away.

 

And on the third day ashore, an 88 went off within twenty yards of us.

 

I wished I was in New York.

 

 

Steve

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Good stuff! :D

 

I hope to look up a description of Ernie Pyle from a bio on him. The Life article seem to be a contemporary description that may have changed some.

 

Actually if you go back and look Steve, that was taken from the magazine, direct quote April 1945.

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No. I mean a description of him from a recent publication about him. I thought I had the book but I guess I only borrowed it. I do have Lee Miller's "The Story of Ernie Pyle" printed in 1950. The latest book had a chapter about Pyle's periods of depression and his marriage.

Steve

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Ah, had heard about his depression periods too.

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Oh how sad to see this; the death photo of our beloved Ernie Pyle!

 

This photo provided by Richard Strasser, perhaps never before published, shows famed World War II war correspondent Ernie Pyle shortly after he was killed by a Japanese machine gun bullet on the island of Ie Shima on April 18, 1945.

 

==========================================

 

 

updated 4:06 p.m. ET, Sun., Feb. 3, 2008

NEW YORK - The figure in the photograph is clad in Army fatigues, boots and helmet, lying on his back in peaceful repose, folded hands holding a military cap. Except for a thin trickle of blood from the corner of his mouth, he could be asleep.

 

But he is not asleep; he is dead. And this is not just another fallen GI; it is Ernie Pyle, the most celebrated war correspondent of World War II.

 

As far as can be determined, the photograph has never been published. Sixty-three years after Pyle was killed by the Japanese, it has surfaced — surprising historians, reminding a forgetful world of a humble correspondent who artfully and ardently told the story of a war from the foxholes.

 

"It's a striking and painful image, but Ernie Pyle wanted people to see and understand the sacrifices that soldiers had to make, so it's fitting, in a way, that this photo of his own death ... drives home the reality and the finality of that sacrifice," said James E. Tobin, a professor at Miami University of Ohio.

 

Tobin, author of a 1997 biography, "Ernie Pyle's War," and Owen V. Johnson, an Indiana University professor who collects Pyle-related correspondence, said they had never seen the photo. The negative is long lost, and only a few prints are known to exist.

 

"When I think about the real treasures of American history that we have," says Mark Foynes, director of the Wright Museum of World War II in Wolfeboro, N.H., "this picture is definitely in the ballpark."

 

Killed near Okinawa

"COMMAND POST, IE SHIMA, April 18 (AP) _ Ernie Pyle, war correspondent beloved by his co-workers, GIs and generals alike, was killed by a Japanese machine-gun bullet through his left temple this morning ..."

 

The news stunned a nation still mourning the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt six days earlier. Callers besieged newspaper switchboards. "Ernie is mourned by the Army," said soldier-artist Bill Mauldin, whose droll, irreverent GI cartoons had made him nearly as famous as Pyle.

 

He was right; even amid heavy fighting, Pyle's death was a prime topic among the troops.

 

"If I had not been there to see it, I would have taken with a grain of salt any report that the GI was taking Ernie Pyle's death 'hard,' but that is the only word that best describes the universal reaction out here," Army photographer Alexander Roberts wrote to Lee Miller, a friend of Ernie and his first biographer.

 

But Ernie Pyle was not just any reporter. He was a household name during World War II and for years afterward. From 1941 until his death, Pyle riveted the nation with personal, straight-from-the-heart tales about hometown soldiers in history's greatest conflict.

 

In 1944, his columns for Scripps-Howard Newspapers earned a Pulitzer Prize and Hollywood made a movie, "Ernie Pyle's Story of G.I. Joe," starring Burgess Meredith as the slender, balding 44-year-old reporter.

 

Typically self-effacing, Pyle insisted the film include fellow war correspondents playing themselves. But he was killed before it was released.

 

In April 1945, the one-time Indiana farm boy had just arrived in the Pacific after four years of covering combat in North Africa, Italy and France. With Germany on the verge of surrender, he wanted to see the war to its end, but confided to colleagues that he didn't expect to survive.

 

At Okinawa he found U.S. forces battling entrenched Japanese defenders while "kamikaze" suicide pilots wreaked carnage on the Allied fleet offshore.

 

On April 16, the Army's 77th Infantry Division landed on Ie Shima, a small island off Okinawa, to capture an airfield. Although a sideshow to the main battle, it was "warfare in its worst form," photographer Roberts wrote later. "Not one Japanese soldier surrendered, he killed until he was killed."

 

'It was so peaceful a death'

On the third morning, a jeep carrying Pyle and three officers came under fire from a hidden machine gun. All scrambled for cover in roadside ditches, but when Pyle raised his head, a .30 caliber bullet caught him in the left temple, killing him instantly.

 

Roberts and two other photographers, including AP's Grant MacDonald, were at a command post 300 yards away when Col. Joseph Coolidge, who had been with Pyle in the jeep, reported what happened.

 

Roberts went to the scene, and despite continuing enemy fire, crept forward — a "laborious, dirt-eating crawl," he later called it — to record the scene with his Speed Graphic camera. His risky act earned Roberts a Bronze Star medal for valor.

 

Pyle was first buried among soldiers on Ie Shima. In 1949 his body was moved to the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific at Punchbowl Crater, near Honolulu.

 

Roberts' photograph, however, was never seen by the public. He told Miller the War Department had withheld it "out of deference" to Ernie's ailing widow, Jerry.

 

"It was so peaceful a death ... that I felt its reproduction would not be in bad taste," he said, "but there probably would be another school of thought on this."

 

Eight military museums and history centers queried by AP said the negative and photo were unknown to them. This included the National Archives & Records Administration, the most likely repository.

 

"Considering all the photo research done on World War II, and thousands of letters requesting information about our holdings, my guess is it would have been 'discovered' by a researcher or staff member by now," said Edward McCarter, NARA's top still-photos archivist.

 

Prints taken from Roberts' negative at the time of Pyle's death "would appear to be the only record that the photo was actually made," McCarter said.

 

At least two such prints were kept as souvenirs by veterans who served aboard USS Panamint, a Navy communications ship in the Okinawa campaign. Although the two men never met, they came by the photo in similar ways, and both later recognized its importance to posterity.

 

Retired naval officer Richard Strasser, 88, of Goshen, Ind., who recalls Pyle visiting the ship just before he was killed, said a friend named George, who ran the ship's darkroom, gave him a packet of pictures after Japan surrendered in August 1945.

 

Months later, back in civilian life, Strasser finally opened the envelope. "I was surprised to find a picture of Ernie Pyle," he said. "At the time, Ernie's widow was still alive and I considered sending the photo to her, but had mixed feelings about it. In the end I did nothing."

 

Strasser recently provided his photo — a still-pristine contact print from the 4-by-5-inch negative — to the AP. He since has made it available to the Newseum, a $435 million news museum scheduled to open in Washington this year.

 

Margaret Engel, the Newseum's managing editor, says the photo is "of strong historic interest," and because Pyle died at the height of his fame, "the circumstances of his death ... remain a compelling story for students of journalism and the war."

 

Ex-Petty Officer Joseph T. Bannan, who joined USS Panamint's crew in May 1945 after his own ship was damaged by a kamikaze, said his Pyle photo came from a ship's photographer he remembers only as "Joe from Philadelphia."

 

Bannan, 82, of Boynton Beach, Fla., said "Joe" told him he had been ordered to destroy the negative "because of the effect it would have on the morale of the American public."

 

In 2004, Bannan donated copies of the photo to the Wright Museum, the Ernie Pyle State Historic Site at Dana, Ind., and the Institute on World War II and the Human Experience at Florida State University in Tallahassee, Fla.

 

Yet another copy was acquired by the Indiana Historical Society at a 1999 auction. Historian Susan Sutton said she had no information on its origin or the seller.

 

Both Strasser and Bannan assumed a Navy photographer had made the picture. Only Roberts, however, is known to have visited the death scene, and with no Army Signal Corps photo lab nearby, his film went to the nearest ship offshore — USS Panamint.

 

This was "standard procedure" in the Pacific, says retired AP photographer Max Desfor, 96, who covered Okinawa and later won a Pulitzer Prize in Korea. "No question that's what happened."

 

In tracing the picture's history, AP learned of a second photo, showing Pyle's body on a stretcher. The fatal wound, unseen in Roberts' photo, appears as a dark spot above his left eyebrow.

 

That photo, of unknown origin, appears to be an amateur snapshot, said Katherine Gould, assistant curator of cultural history at the Indiana State Museum in Indianapolis, which acquired it and Bannan's photo last year from the Dana historic site.

 

As war photographs go, neither could be considered grisly, but they were never displayed at Dana. "We get a lot of kids here," spokeswoman Janice Duncan said.

 

One who did see the Roberts photo there is Bruce L. Johnson, 84, of Afton, Minn., a nephew and one of the few surviving relatives who knew Pyle.

 

In April 1945, Johnson was a sailor aboard the seaplane tender USS Norton Sound, which by a quirk of fate was a few miles away when Pyle was killed. In fact, the two had been writing letters home, trying to figure out a way they could rendezvous.

 

"We were in the mess hall and the news came over the ship's loudspeaker," he recalled. "It was just a shock."

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Jim Hennessey thought this would be a great photo to add. :armata_PDT_01: I agree!

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My Dad told us what a brave man Ernie Pyle was and he remembered seeing him run from foxhole to foxhole at Anzio.

 

Here is a quote I just picked up on another forum by a guy called Paflyfisher that says alot about how Ernie was thought of ...

 

My father was in the 36th infantry landing at Anzio. He would tell stories about Ernie bringing coffee, ammo, and whatever was needed to the guys fighting. He said he was a great guy, and a friend to the soldiers. I wonder how this war would be reported if we had some Ernies around today. Maybe people would know we were winning.

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I'd take Ernie Pyle with me in the field and Theodore Roosevelt in the White House any day!

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The only way we,(135th Inf. Regt.) knew about Ernie Pyle was when the

messenger brought a copy of the "Stars and Stripes", then we read his articles

and saw Bill Mauldins' cartoons. Roque :armata_PDT_23:

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Image sent to me by Hugh Ames who lives in Hawaii

post-2-1240418824_thumb.jpg

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My dear friend H.E. Harvey, 36th Engineer, recently sent me this article. Thanks H.E! We too LOVE Ernie!

 

It's called The Unfinished Column

The_Unfinished_Column___Ernie_Pyle001.pdf

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In the last seven years of my research, Ernie Pyle's name has often been quoted. He was a very special guy and a great war correspondent. You may know this quotation from Ernie but it bears repeating.

 

There is nothing we can do

for the ones beneath the

wooden crosses except to

pause and murmur,'Thanks, pal'

 

I like to think he wrote that on Sicily but I'm not sure. It still applies today. I live in Wootton Bassett where eight coffins containing the bodies of eight dead British soldiers have just passed down the high street!

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Hey Colin:

 

So good to see you back. Welcome, welcome!

 

I have never heard a disrespectful word uttered about Ernie. Yes, he was one heck of a guy and one hell of a reporter. We need people like him today.

 

:armata_PDT_37:

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Hey Marion,

Thank you for the kind words. I agree with all you said.

:clappin2:

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It was interesting to see an article on American Ernie Pyle in list of famous war correspondents in a UK weekend newspaper, in fact he topped the list!

Ernie was'nt interested so much in strategies and orders of battle, but more in the ordinary GI's in the field. Over the last nine years of my interest in WWII research I have come across him on many occasions. It is poignient to remember he was killed by Japanese machine gun fire, reporting as ever from the front line.

 

Colin.

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Yes, I believe you are correct. He is definitely one of my faves from WWII. I would have loved to meet him, wouldn't you?

 

I am going to place your post within another one we had going a while back...

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Success! Merged today with a previous one. This way we can see what we've covered. :wave2:

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Thank you M1, that's where it should be.

 

Colin. :pdt34:

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Hello all, I just wanted to add some pictures I took recently to this topic. I just recently took the ferry from the Motobu port (on Okinawa) to Ie Shima (now Iejima) with the family. One of the first things we saw was the Ernie Pyle monument. It is in a neatly kept plot of land (indeed, there were some locals working on the grounds while we were there). It was very quiet and fitting place for the monument. See all of the pictures here. There are more I will share with you, I just haven't gotten to it just yet.

 

Before:

ernie-pyle-monument.jpg

 

pv005.jpg

 

Now

 

IMG_4102.JPG

 

IMG_4098.JPG

 

IMG_4099.JPG

 

IMG_4100.JPG

 

IMG_4094.JPG

 

IMG_4095.JPG

 

IMG_4097.JPG

On the obverse of the monument. The USS Cabot was the first Navy ship he spent time on.

 

 

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Ah, and I see it was erected by the 1118th Engineers. Way to go boys. Am checking out the other pics right now. Thanks Todd. Great post.

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Don't know if you realized it, but your son has the Ernie Pyle smile. Go back and look at the pics and let me know what you think. Uncanny!

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